New interventions for eating and weight disorders: exposure 2.0
CBT is the gold standard for eating disorders. Surprisingly, well-known CBT protocols do not include much exposure while exposure is a very effective intervention to reduce eating disorder symptoms. In this workshop we will demonstrate new exposure techniques for all eating and weight disorders. These new exposures have a strong cognitive component; during the exposure expectancies are explicitly violated. For example, a patient might expect to gain 5 kilos after eating 100 grams of chocolate. Or a patient is convinced that she has to eat the whole bag of cookies after eating one. Another patient is afraid of eating a ‘normal’ meal because eating a ‘normal’ meal means a binge. Another one avoids wearing nice tight clothing because then everybody will see how fat and ugly she is. Such expectations are violated through good exposures. A variety of exposures (e.g., cue/craving exposure, body exposure, forbidden food exposure, eating exposure) can be used to violate diverse typical eating disorder related beliefs and expectancies. The exposures will be explained, demonstrated, discussed and practiced.
Learning goal: Being able to design, set up and work through a good exposure session to explicitly violate all types of eating disorder related beliefs and expectancies.
From the eating lab to the eating disorder clinic and back
Understanding the involved maintenance and change mechanisms of eating disorders might make their treatments more effective. So the important questions are: why do eating disorders continue to exist and why do treatments work? Which key processes are crucial to clinical improvement? Eating disorder treatments could benefit tremendously from in particular experimental laboratory studies into maintenance and change mechanisms. The other way around, questions arising in the eating disorder clinic might feed the science of eating disorders. An effort is done to translate findings back and forth; from the eating lab into new interventions for eating disorders and from the eating disorder clinic into new scientific challenges.